Medicinal properties of licorice root were known by mankind, thousands of years ago. It is widely used in folk medicine. Based on the study conducted by scientists concluded that licorice root is richer in nutrients than ginseng. Preparations made from it are used as a means of treatment for bronchitis, whooping cough, tuberculosis, stomach ulcers, poisoning (especially meat`s and mushroom`s poisoning). Licorice root is also effective in the treatment of nervous diseases and diseases associated with impaired metabolism. In addition, licorice root is widely used in everyday life, technology, food processing and other industries.
In Azerbaijan, the history of licorice root processing goes back to the end of the XIX century. Licorice, which is considered a valuable technical plant in Azerbaijan is represented by 8 species. It grows in the Kura-Araks, Samur-Davachi lowland, Caspian plain in Mugan, Gobustan, Absheron, Alazan-Ayrichay Valley, administrative districts of Kurdamir, Sabirabad, Saatli, Imishli, Zardab, Ujar, Barda, Agdash, in the north-east Greater Caucasus, in central and southern parts of the Lesser Caucasus, in the plains of Nakhchivan.
Historically, valuable licorice root exported from Azerbaijan to many countries. Since 1886, our country exports it to the United States, and since 1913 in France, England, Japan, China, India, Egypt and other countries. Quality of licorice root which grows in Azerbaijan is considered the best in the world.